Glossary: Stem Cell Terms and Definitions

Glossary

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There are 8 names in this directory beginning with the letter C.
Cancer stem cells (CSCs)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are cancer cells (found within tumors or hematological cancers) that possess characteristics associated with normal stem cells, specifically the ability to give rise to all cell types found in a particular cancer sample.

Cell
A cell is a structurally functional elementary unit of the structure and vital activity of all living organisms. It has its own metabolism, and it is capable of reproducing itself.

Cell culture
Cell culture - the growth of cells in a laboratory where nutrients, growth factors and all other requirements for cell survival are provided.

Cell division
Cell division is the process by which one cell divides into two cells, thereby increasing the cell population.

Chimera
Chimera. An organism composed of cells derived from at least two genetically different cell types. The cells could be from the same or separate species.

Clinical test
Clinical test - a rigorously controlled test of a new drug or a new invasive medical device on human subjects.

Cloning
Cloning is the process of producing identical copies of a molecule, cell, or organism.

Cord blood
Cord blood is the blood that remains in the placenta and in the attached umbilical cord after childbirth.