Glossary: Stem Cell Terms and Definitions


All | A B C D E G H I L M P R S T U W
There are 10 names in this directory beginning with the letter A.
Adipose - the medical term for body fat; adipose is considered an organ whose main function is to store energy in the form of lipids.

Adult (or somatic) stem cells
Adult (or somatic) stem cells - a stem cell that can be found in organs and tissues (including umbilical cord and placenta, just after birth), that can renew themselves and transform into other specialized cell types.

Allogeneic transplantation
Allogeneic transplantation - transplanting organs, tissues or cells from one person to another. This term is opposed to "autologous transplantation".

Amniotic Stem Cells
Amniotic Stem Cells - are the mixture of stem cells that can be obtained from the amniotic fluid as well as the amniotic membrane. They can develop into various tissue types including skin, cartilage, cardiac tissue, nerves, muscle, and bone.

Ancestor Cells and Precursor Cells
Ancestor Cells and Precursor Cells - «Ancestor cell» or «Precursor cell» are generic terms for a type of cell that has no capability to renew itself, although it is able to generate tissue stem cells in some cases, thus contributing to the formation of tissues.

Angiogenesis - the growth of new blood vessels from the existing vasculature.

Apheresis - is a medical technology in which the blood of a person is passed through an apparatus that separates out one particular constituent and returns the remainder to the circulation.

Astrocyte - is a type of supporting (glial) cell found in the nervous system.

Autologous transplantation
Autologous transplantation is transplantation in which stem cells are removed from a person, stored, and later given back to that same person.

Axogenesis. Growth of nerve axons.